This glossary comprises the full list of ingredients used in Siam Botanicals skincare products at the time of writing. 
All ingredients are 100% naturally derived; no synthetic ingredients are added to our formulations. 


Aloe Vera (Aloe Barbadensis)

Expressed Leaf Juice

Cool, refreshing Aloe Vera juice is a well-known skin-healing agent reported to contain 19 of the 20 amino acids required for good health. It soothes inflamed, itchy or sunburned skin, adding moisture and preventing moisture loss. An effective anti-inflammatory with antibacterial properties, it is rich in vitamins, minerals, amino acids, enzymes and proteins.


Amyris Essential Oil (Amyris Balsamifera)

Steam Distilled

The amyris balsamifera tree is native to Haiti and the essential oil is also known as West Indian Sandalwood due to its sweet woody aroma which is similar to sandalwood. It is widely used in aromatherapy and skin care for its calming fragrance and natural anti-microbial properties.


Apricot Kernel Oil (Prunus Armeniaca)

Cold Pressed – Organic

A very light, gentle oil that absorbs easily without leaving any greasy residue. It is particularly effective as a face moisturizer and cleanser for oily, sensitive or delicate skin. Naturally high in essential fatty acids and rich in Vitamins A, C and E.


Argan Oil (Argania Spinosa)

Cold Pressed – Organic

The Argania Spinosa tree, native to Morocco, is known as the ‘Tree of Life’ in the Moroccan Berber community. Its kernels are cold pressed to produce Argan oil, which has been used by Berber women for centuries to protect and nourish their skin. This remarkable, rare and expensive oil is gaining popularity as a ‘miracle ingredient’ in beauty products worldwide. It has extremely high levels of Vitamin E and 80% fatty acids, and is often used not only to counter the visible signs of premature aging but also to remedy certain skin ailments. This versatile oil also conditions, hydrates and adds shine to hair.


Bergamot Fruit Essential Oil (Citrus Aurantium Bergamia)

Steam Distilled

An essential oil with a fresh citrus aroma and a subtle hint of spice, its potent natural antiseptic properties can help fight the bacteria that cause acne.


Black Cumin Seed Oil (Nigella Sativa)

Cold Pressed

A miracle of nature! This seed oil is known for its complexity and for its natural healing properties. In skincare formulations it can help to improve many conditions, including acne and psoriasis. It conditions and nourishes the skin, reducing the wrinkles and lines that are the visible signs of aging.


Black Pepper Essential Oil (Piper Nigrum)

Steam Distilled

This uplifting essential oil is steam distilled from the pepper fruit berries. It is widely used in aromatherapy preparations for its clean, sharp and energizing fragrance and its natural analgesic properties which can help soothe tired muscles.


Camphor White Essential Oil (Cinnamomum Camphora)

Steam Distilled

This oil is steam distilled from the leaves of the camphor tree which is native to Japan & Taiwan. It carries a cool and penetrating aroma, making it an important ingredient in cooling balms, liniments and vapor rubs.


Cardamom Essential Oil (Elettaria Cardamomum)

Steam Distilled

This oil has a rich exotic and entirely unique aroma. It has been used for centuries in Asia and Middle Eastern countries both for its beneficial skin care properties and its wonderful and sensual fragrance.


Castor Oil (Ricinus Communis)

Cold Pressed – Organic

A light, non-greasy seed oil with remarkable cleansing properties. Naturally antiseptic and antibacterial, it penetrates easily and helps remove excess oil from the skin. Excellent for use in cleansers, soaps and shampoos.


Carrot Seed Essential Oil (Daucus Carota)

Steam Distilled

This essential oil is packed with natural healing properties and is widely used in aromatherapy and facial care preparations. It has a mild and soothing earthy aroma and is high in antioxidant rich Vitamin E. It helps brighten dull and lifeless skin.


Cedarwood (Himalayan) Essential Oil (Cedrus Atlantica)

Steam Distilled

This aromatic, woody essential oil has natural antiseptic and astringent properties. It is often used in skincare formulas to help relieve itchy and irritated skin.


Cinnamon Leaf Essential Oil (Cinnamomum Zeylanicum)

Steam Distilled

Steam distilled from the leaves of the cinnamon tree, this oil has a pleasant musky and spicy aroma and is highly antibacterial and antimicrobial, with a potent antioxidant capacity. Widely use in aromatherapy for its fragrance and natural properties.


Citronella Essential Oil (Cymbopogon Winterianus)

Steam Distilled

This essential oil is steam distilled from citronella grass, which comes from the same botanical family as lemongrass. It has a strong citrus scent and natural astringent and antiseptic properties, making it a common ingredient in herbal balms and natural insect repellents.

Clary Sage Essential Oil (Salvia Sclarea)

Steam Distilled

Clary Sage has a long history as a medicinal plant, it is native to the Mediterranean, North Africa and Central Asia. It has a light herbaceous scent and is known for its anti-inflammatory and anti-septic properties. It is mildly astringent and is often included in skincare to help tone and regulate the production of oil on the skin.


Clove Leaf Essential Oil (Eugenia Caryophyllus)

Steam Distilled

An essential oil with an exotic, spicy fragrance, it is used in skincare to help stimulate blood flow and promote younger, healthier-looking skin. It has natural antiseptic, antibacterial, antifungal and analgesic properties and can help to combat acne and improve blemish-prone skin.


Coconut Oil (Cocos Nucifera)

Cold Pressed – Organic

A fruit seed oil with amazing natural properties. It is antifungal, antibiotic, anti-bacterial, and a superior emollient. It provides skin and hair with the nourishing, moisturizing and conditioning agents they need to stay soft, smooth and hydrated. Currently much research is being conducted to understand its natural anti-viral properties.


Cranberry Oil (Vaccinium Macrocarpon)

CO2 Extract – Organic

This hero of fruit seed oils is rich in nutrients and high in antioxidant-rich Vitamin E. Its unique ratio of essential fatty acids makes a super-light, non-greasy oil with fantastic skin absorption properties.


Cucumber Seed Oil (Cucumis Sativus)

Cold Pressed

This superior seed oil is light green in colour and has a soft scent reminiscent of the vegetable. It is rich in skin-nourishing fatty acids and has superior absorption making it a remarkable addition to preparations for mature skin. Highly moisturizing with soothing anti-inflammatory properties.


Curry Leaf Essential Oil (Murraya Koenigii)

Steam Distilled

This essential oil is steam distilled from the leaves of the curry tree which is native to Sri Lanka and India. It has been traditionally used for centuries in Indian herbal hair treatments, to maintain shiny, healthy hair and to help prevent premature hair loss and loss of natural hair colour.


Eucalyptus Essential Oil (Eucalyptus Globulus)

Steam Distilled

This potent essential oil has a distinct, woody aroma. It boasts natural antibacterial, anti-inflammatory and cooling properties and has been used for hundreds of years in healing skincare preparations. It also has uses as a natural insect repellent and an aromatic disinfectant.


Frankincense (Boswellia Serrata)

Steam Distilled

This precious oil is steam distilled from the gum of the tree which is native to Oman, Yemen and Northeast Africa. It has a soft, alluring scent as well as amazing natural skin care properties. It is naturally antiseptic and an astringent. Frankincense is an important facial care oil helping brighten skin tone and maintain a healthy, blemish free complexion.


Geranium Essential Oil (Pelargonium Graveolens)

Steam Distilled

A fragrant, floral essential oil that smells richly of roses and is often used in anti-aging skincare products for its effectiveness in improving skin elasticity and integrity. It is an antiseptic and naturally therapeutic skin tonic commonly used in skincare formulas to treat a variety of disorders.


Ginger Lily Essential Oil (Hedychium Spicatum)

Steam Distilled

Ginger lily is native to India and commonly known there as Kapoor Kachri. This steam-distilled essential oil has for centuries played a major part in aryuvedic and herbal skin care treatments. It has a pleasant earthy aroma and its powerful properties are similar to tea tree, having remarkable anti-inflammatory and anti-bacterial properties.


Ginger Root Essential Oil (Zingiber Officinale)

Steam Distilled

This warm, spicy essential oil is steam distilled from the ginger root. It has many medicinal uses and is highly antifungal. It is often added to natural skincare formulations to help combat hyper-pigmentation and added to soaps and body washes for its fresh scent and effective antibacterial properties.


Glycerin (Vegetable)

Plant Derived Fatty Alcohol

This plant-derived fatty alcohol is an effective emollient. It is also a natural humectant, attracting water, which helps to prevent moisture loss.


Grape Seed Oil (Vitis Vinifera)

Cold Pressed Oil – Organic

A light, antioxidant-rich fruit seed oil that is easily absorbed and acts as a superior skin hydrating agent. It is rich in skin-conditioning a-Linolenic, oleic, palmitic, linoleic and stearic fatty acids, all of which are used as additives in many top-shelf anti-aging skincare serums.


Grapefruit Peel Essential Oil (Citrus Paradisi)

Steam Distilled

This bright citrus-scented oil, steam distilled from grapefruit peel, is rich in antioxidants. It is often used in massage oils to increase circulation, eliminate toxins and reduce cellulite, and in skincare formulations for its fresh scent and natural astringent and toning properties.


Guava Seed Oil (Psidium Guajava)

Cold Pressed

This oil is cold pressed from the seeds of the guava fruit. It has a fresh citrusy aroma reminiscent of the fruit. This oil is an extraordinary emollient with an impressive fatty acid content and a light non-greasy consistency. It helps the retention of skins natural moisture, reducing lines and promoting a soft and supple appearance. Guava Seed oil is easily absorbed, does not clog pores and is helpful in combatting acne and blemishes.


Honey (Honey)

A natural substance made from flower nectar by bees.

This miracle ingredient, manufactured by bees, is an extremely effective natural moisturizer and deep cleanser that helps maintain healthy, blemish-free skin.


Jasmine Flower Extract (Jasminum Sambac)

Solvent Extracted Plant Absolute

This natural extract has a soft, evocative floral scent that is easy to distinguish from the sweet, cloying smell of synthetic jasmine fragrance. It has been used for hundreds of years in perfumes and aromatherapy oil blends.


Jojoba Oil (Simmondsia Chinensis)

Cold Pressed – Organic

Actually a liquid wax that is extracted from the seeds of a shrub native to the deserts of America and Mexico. An excellent skin moisturizer with superior spread and absorption, it helps prevent moisture loss and leaves skin feeling soft, velvety and non-greasy.


Juniper Berry Essential Oil (Juniperus Communis)

Steam Distilled

A clarifying essential oil with a rich, woody scent. It is extremely high in antioxidants and is an effective natural detoxifier that helps to rid the skin of impurities and the effects of pollution. It has antibacterial, anti-inflammatory and astringent properties and can be used to tone and balance the skin and to reduce excess oiliness.


Kaffir Lime Essential Oil (Citrus Hystrix)

Steam Distilled

Kaffir lime, also known as Thai bergamot, is native to Thailand and Southeast Asia. Its leaves are commonly used in Thai cuisine. The essential oil, which is steam distilled from the peel, has a fresh, sharp scent and is an extremely effective hair cleanser and natural conditioner; in Thailand it has been used for centuries to maintain shiny, healthy hair.


Lavender Essential Oil (Lavandula Angustifolia)

Steam Distilled

A highly regarded essential oil distilled from the spikes of the lavender flower. It has a soft, herbaceous and deeply relaxing scent and is one of the most versatile and therefore most used essential oils in natural skincare and aromatherapy. In aromatherapy oils it helps to calm nerves and reduce stress; in skincare it is used for its unique antibacterial and antiseptic properties, which are believed to soothe sunburn and help rebalance dry, flaky and irritated skin.


Lemon Balm Essential Oil (Melissa Officinalis)

Steam Distilled

Lemon balm essential oil has a clean, citrus aroma with soft floral notes and has long been prized in aromatherapy and skincare as a highly therapeutic oil. It has natural anti-inflammatory, antiviral and antiseptic properties and is reported to have exceptionally high antioxidant activity. Used in anti-aging skincare and hair-conditioning products for its natural balancing and detoxifying properties.


Lemongrass Essential Oil (Cymbopogon Citratus)

Steam Distilled

This essential oil, distilled from aromatic lemongrasses native to Thailand, Southeast Asia and East India, has a refreshing citrus scent. As well as boasting antiseptic, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory and antifungal properties it is also mildly astringent, making it useful as a skin-cleansing agent that can help to control oily skin and reduce acne and blemishes. Lemongrass has long been used in traditional Thai herbal treatments for its ability to soothe tired and stiff muscles.


Lime (Citrus Aurantifolia)

Steam Distilled

This oil is widely used in aromatherapy for its fresh, uplifting, citrusy aroma. In skin care it is beneficial in preparations for oily and blemish prone skin thanks to its natural astringent and anti-microbial properties.


 May Chang Essential Oil (Litsea Cubeba)

Steam Distilled

This oil is steam distilled from the fruit of a shrub, known botanically as Litsea cubeba. It has been used for thousands of years in Asia to treat a variety of maladies. It is widely used in aromatherapy for its uplifting lemony and floral scent.


Moringa Seed Oil (Moringa Oleifera)

Cold Pressed – Organic

This oil is made by cold pressing the seeds of the Moringa Oleifera tree, which is native to India, Africa and Southeast Asia, and which has been revered by indigenous communities for centuries as ‘The Miracle Tree’. The raw oil combines 46 separate antioxidant free-radical neutralizers and is one of the most concentrated natural sources of oleic acid, Vitamin A and Vitamin C, making it a highly effective natural skin tonic. Moringa oil has been used in skin preparations and ointments since ancient times.


Neroli Essential Oil (Citrus Aurantium)

Steam Distilled

This fragrant essential oil is steam distilled from orange blossoms. It is one of the most popular essentials oils in premium natural skincare products because of its beautiful aroma and superior toning, cleansing and anti-aging properties. It is non-sensitizing, non-irritating and suitable for use in gentle formulations for sensitive skin types.


Olive Leaf Extract (Olea Europaea)

Plant Extract

The leaf from the olive tree contains oleuropein, a powerful antioxidant and antibacterial agent that gives the tree its disease and pest resistance, thus enabling it to live for thousands of years. It has good skincare benefits and is often used in face and eye serums to improve puffiness, dark circles and dry, sagging skin. It has a dual function, being effective also as part of a compound natural preservative.


Olive Oil (Olea Europaea)

Cold Pressed – Organic

This rich antibacterial, cleansing and hydrating fruit oil has been considered sacred since ancient Greek times. Good in soaps, moisturizers and face-cleanser formulas.


Orange Sweet Essential Oil (Citrus Aurantium Dulcis)

Steam Distilled

Fragrant orange essential oils are used for their fresh aroma and skin-conditioning properties.



Palmarosa Essential Oil (Cymbopogon Martini)

Steam Distilled

Palmarosa belongs to the same family of tropical grasses as lemongrass, however it has a light floral rather than citrusy aroma. It has many natural antiseptic properties and is often used in skincare formulations to remedy acne and other skin conditions.


Patchouli Essential Oil (Pogostemon Cablin)

Steam Distilled

This deeply aromatic essential oil is distilled from the leaves of a bushy shrub that is a member of the mint family. Its distinctive scent and natural antibacterial properties have made it a popular choice in perfumes and skin preparations for centuries.


Passionfruit Seed Oil (Passiflora Edulis)

Cold Pressed – Organic

Also known as Maracuja Oil, this light, fast absorbing oil has a pleasant scent reminiscent of the fruit. It is packed with nutrients and fatty acids and makes great addition to body and facial oil preparations.


Peppermint Essential Oil (Mentha Piperita)

Steam Distilled – Organic

This essential oil is steam distilled from peppermint leaves and is often used in aromatherapy because of its natural menthol content, which provides a fresh, uplifting fragrance and a cooling sensation. It tones and stimulates the skin, helping to promote a healthy appearance; in hair and scalp treatments it can control excess oil.


Plai Essential Oil (Zingiber Cassumunar)

Steam Distilled

This essential oil, distilled from the plai root, has a light earthy aroma. It is native to Thailand and had been used for centuries in traditional herbal treatments. It has natural analgesic properties and when added to massage oil formulas, helps soothe tired and sore muscles. It is known as an exceptional healing oil with natural antimicrobial, antibacterial, anti-fungal and anti-inflammatory properties.


Pomegranate Seed Oil (Punica Granatum)

Cold Pressed – Organic

We love this richly moisturizing fruit seed oil, it is rich in essential fatty acids and nutrients and absorbs easily into skin without leaving a greasy residue.


Raspberry Seed Oil (Rubus Idaeus)

CO2 Extract – Organic

A superior fruit seed oil which is an excellent choice for facial care. This super-light oil contains high levels of vitamin E, which is an essential antioxidant. Carotenoids and phytosterols are other important antioxidants in raspberry seed oil. It is great in preparations for oily, combination and blemish prone skin.


Rice Bran Oil (Oryza Sativa)

CO2 Extract – Organic / Refined

A light, non-greasy and easy-to-absorb oil made by cold pressing the bran of the rice kernel. It has long been used by women in Japan and Southeast Asia as a skincare and anti-aging agent. It is rich in antioxidants and has a very high fatty acid content, making it particularly suitable for mature, delicate and sensitive skin.


Rose Hip Fruit Oil (Rosa Canina)

CO2 Extract – Organic

This oil is cold pressed from the seed pod (hip) of a species of wild rose that originated in Latin America. It has renowned skincare benefits and is high in antioxidant-rich Vitamins C and A. Rose hip oil consists of 80% essential fatty acids and is used for its efficacy in hydrating dry, damaged and mature skin. It is also used for its positive effects on acne and irritated skin. It is a gentle oil, suitable for all skin types.


Rose Water (Rosa Damascena)


This subtly scented natural floral water is distilled from the petals of the Damask rose and is a by-product of the production of rose essential oil. It is a time-tested natural skincare ingredient, used and appreciated by generations of women. It has natural antiseptic and antibacterial properties and is rich in antioxidants such as flavanoids. Widely believed to be the best all-round natural skincare product, it offers an excellent alternative to synthetic beauty products.


Rosemary Essential Oil (Rosmarinus Officinalis)

Steam Distilled – Organic

Distilled from the leaves of the rosemary bush, native to the Mediterranean region, this oil has a fresh, herbaceous scent. We love it – it has a well-deserved reputation for effective skincare, particularly in treating acne, aging and blemish-prone skin.


Rosemary Oil Extract (Rosmarinus Officinalis)

Plant Extract

This purifying and toning herbal extract is a powerful antioxidant that can extend the shelf life of oil formulas. It also has antiseptic and anti-irritant properties.


Siam Benzoin Extract (Styrax Tonkinensis)

Alcohol Extraction

Siam benzoin resinoid is extracted from the bark of the Styrax tonkinensis tree which is native to Thailand. It has a soft sweet balsamic scent similar to vanilla and is widely used in the perfume industry. It is useful in skin care preparation for its natural astringent and antimicrobial properties.


Sesame Seed Oil (Sesamum Indicum)

Cold Pressed – Organic

A rich, therapeutic seed oil popular in Ayurvedic massage and traditional Thai body treatments. It has been used in healing for thousands of years. It is naturally antibacterial, anti-fungal and anti-inflammatory and is a potent antioxidant. It is reported to help promote healthy, clear skin by controlling the bacteria that cause spots and blemishes and maintaining the skin’s natural oil balance, thus making it a suitable choice for young people.


Shea Butter (Butyrospermum Parkii)

Fatty Nut Extract

A natural ivory-coloured fat extracted from the nut of the Shea tree, which is native to the African continent. It has antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory properties and contains natural fatty acids, which deeply moisturize and nourish skin and hair. It is rich in vitamins, minerals and proteins and is also used to help protect the skin against both environmental and free-radical damage.


Soya Bean Oil (Glycine Soja)

Cold Pressed – Organic

This oil, cold pressed from soya beans, is an effective non-irritating skin moisturizer suitable for sensitive skin types. In our oil formulations it is used as a carrier for naturally derived Vitamin E, which is a powerful antioxidant that not only protects skin but also retards oxidation, helping to keep oils fresh for longer.


Sweet Almond Oil (Prunus Amygdalus Dulcis)

Cold Pressed – Organic

This very light nut oil is easily absorbed and has a non-greasy feel. It is a very effective skin emollient and an excellent lubricator for dry, chapped skin, encouraging natural moisture retention.


Tamanu Oil (Calophyllum Inophyllum)

Cold Pressed – Organic

This deeply therapeutic oil is made by cold pressing the sun-dried nut kernels of the Tamanu Tree, which is indigenous to Southeast Asia and the South Pacific. The oil has a rich scent and is dark green in colour. Its legendary skin-healing and age-defying properties are well documented. Natives of Polynesia believed that the Tamanu Tree was a sacred gift of nature and that gods hid in its branches; it was their answer to skin protection from hot sun, high humidity and ocean winds. Known for its unique ability to boost the formation of new tissue, Tamanu oil is often used to accelerate the healing of blemished or inflamed skin. The Tamanu tree is now grown all along the South Indian coast to prevent erosion. It is an abundant and eco-friendly source of natural skincare.


Tea Tree Essential Oil (Melaleuca Alternifolia)

Steam Distilled

This well-known essential oil is steam distilled from the leaves and twigs of the tea tree, which is native to Australia. Tea tree is a well-documented therapeutic skincare oil, used in many products to tackle problem and blemish-prone skin. The oil’s natural properties are a miracle of nature, being, at once, antibacterial, antifungal, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, antiparasitic, antiseptic and antiviral.


Turmeric Essential Oil (Curcuma Longa)

Steam Distilled

Turmeric has long been used in South East Asian and Aryuvedic remedies to treat problem and blemish prone skin. It is a powerful antimicrobial and has natural anti-inflammatory properties.


Witch Hazel (Hamamelis Virginiana)


Witch hazel comes from a shrub native to in North America. It is a has been traditionally used for centuries by Native Americans to help soothe skin irritations. It has both astringent and anti-bacterial properties, making it particularly beneficial to blemish prone and oily skin.


Ylang Ylang (Cananga Odorata)

Steam Distilled

This oil is steam distilled from the flower of the Cananga Tree and is commonly used in natural perfumes and massage oils. It has a hypnotic, sensual, floral scent that is believed to reduce stress and may even be a natural aphrodisiac. It is also thought to have properties that help to tone and stimulate the skin and balance the production of sebum.